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  • All about Indica, Sativa and Hybrid

    Some cannabis consumers think the only thing that matters is the strain, but there is more to cannabis than just that. There are 3 types of cannabis, indica, sativa and hybrids. Two are opposites and one is a combination of both. If you are interested in learning what each does then continue on!

    Before we get into the effects of each, let's discuss the differences when still in plant form. Indica plants are shorter and bushier with thicker leaves. They also have a shorter flowering cycle but yield more buds and are suitable for colder climates. Their nugs are dense and heavy.

    Sativa plants are taller and thinner with narrower leaves. They have a longer flowering cycle and are better suited for warm climates. Sativas yield less cannabis than the others. Their buds are wispy, thin and fluffy.


    Hybrids are a mix of both indica and sativa so their flowering time will vary. Most are high yielding but have varying growth patterns. Hybrid nugs are usually dense but can range in density, weight and size.

    What differentiates indica and sativa the most is their effects. Indica strains cause a more relaxing body high. It's known for its couch locking properties. Indica is best for nighttime or when you're not trying to do anything productive.

    Sativas are the complete opposite. They cause a mental, hyper high. Sativa is best suited for daytime as it gives you energy, helps creativity and lifts your mood. However, sativas can cause anxiety in some people so always experiment to find what suits you best.

    Now hybrids vary largely. They are a mix between a sativa strain and an indica strain so they gain attributes from both. Hybrids also have their own 3 sub categories. There's indica-dominant, sativa-dominant and 50 / 50 strains. The names pretty much explain themselves. Indica hybrids have more indica attributes, sativa hybrids have more sativa attributes and 50 /50 strains have equal amounts of both. Dispensaries usually display the indica vs sativa ratio for hybrids but you can always ask your budtender.

    Now that we have covered the general differences, I want to cover what ailments each type helps most and different strains from each.

    Indicas are great for helping with insomnia, muscle spasms, pain management, nausea reduction, increasing appetite, combating seizures and anxiety relief. Some strains would be Granddaddy Purp, Northern Lights and Bubba Kush.

    Sativas work great for depression, chronic pain, increasing focus and creativity and increasing serotonin. Some strain examples would be Green crack, Durban Poison and Lemon Haze. 

    Now with hybrids they can help a larger array of ailments as they have the attributes of both strains. Hybrids are very important in the medical marijuana sector as they carry the best attributes from both crossing strains. A few hybrid strains would be Girl Scout Cookies, White Widow and Pineapple Express.

    Cannabis can have different effects on everyone and can even have opposite effects than those explained above. For example I enjoy indica and indica-dominant hybrids. They help me focus, relieve my anxiety and allow me to carry on throughout the day. For most people if they smoked an indica they'd be laid out on the couch not ready to take on the day like I am. So use this as a general guide but experiment with different strains and find what works best for you.


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All about Indica, Sativa and Hybrid
1 Comment
MedHead 2 years ago
I have found that acquiring weed from a dispensary that analyzes each strain for its terpene profile, is a better option than using the indica/hybrid/sativa classification. For instance, a sativa with low myrcene is less likely to make me feel fatigue and sleepiness within a few hours, and the higher limonene in the strain I'm now using, tends to be uplifting.