In March I wrote an article about the 3 most abundant terpenes in cannabis and I'm back to cover 5 more!
< Click here to read prior article >
In case you forgot terpenes are what give specific strains their distinct taste and smell. They are also very important in how potent a strain is and what ailments it helps, kind of like cannabinoids.
In the last terpenes article we covered limonene, linalool and myrcene. Today we will be covering caryophyllene, eucalyptol, humulene, camphene and borneol.
Caryophyllene smells spicy and peppery and is found in black pepper and cinnamon. This is actually the only known terpene that binds to our cannabinoid receptors. Because of this, caryophyllene is useful for its anti-inflammatory and anti-anxiety properties. It is even recommended for treating alcohol withdrawal symptoms. A study showed this terpene reduces a person's voluntary intake of alcohol! Strains containing this terpene Bubba Kush, Chemdog and Purple Punch.
Eucalyptol is the second cannabinoid on our list. This terpene gives off cooling yet spicy scents like eucalyptus, mint and tea tree. Eucalyptol has potential memory and learning enhancing qualities which in turn has been used in patients with Alzheimer's disease. It also helps with alleviating inflammation, acts as an antibacterial, an antioxidant, an anti-asthma and has anticancer properties. This terpene is commonly found in Super Silver Haze.
Third on our list is the earthy yet spicy terpene humulene. Humulene is actually found in both cannabis and hops. A few different studies have concluded that this terpene has anti bacterial, inflammatory and antifungal properties as well as having the ability to help terminate cancer cells and fight tumors. A few strains higher in humulene are Death Star, Headband and Candyland.
If you love that pungent and musky odor of mud, then camphene is the terpene you're sniffing for. Camphene has antioxidant properties and has been used for treating bacterial and fungal infections like eczema and psoriasis. It has also been proven to lower cholesterol and triglyceride levels, helping lower a person's risk of heart disease. Camphene is most abundant in indica strains and can be found in OG Kush and ACDC.
Last but not least is borneol, the terpene that bugs and parasites hate. Ginger, rosemary and sage all have borneol. It is popularly used in Chinese medicine in relieving pain, assisting digestion, improving blood circulation and treating respiratory diseases. Borneol has anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective, antioxidant, anticoagulant and anesthetic properties. However, pure borneol is unsafe and can irritate the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. Good thing this terpene is only found in minute amounts in cannabis. OG Kush is thought to contain borneol.
We have now covered a total of 7 terpenes in cannabis. Most of these terpenes are found in everyday plants and herbs, which helps us understand them better. Stay tuned for more terpene filled articles!